Eagles are large members of the hawk, or Accipitridae family. These massive birds are easy to recognize by their size, and several other characteristics. They have sharp talons on their feet and large curved beaks. There are many different species of these marvelous birds, and scientists recognize at least 60 across the world!
There are many different species of Eagle, and they are all incredibly impressive. Some of the most interesting species and their most unique traits.
Steller’s Sea Eagle – This species is the heaviest at 15 – 20 lbs. or more. While that doesn’t sound like much, it is important to remember that flying birds have hollow bones, making them much lighter for their size. For example, this species’ wingspan sometimes exceeds 7 ft. across!
Harpy Eagle – If the sea Eagle is the heaviest bird around, the harpy is not far behind. The size of this species is even more impressive when you consider where they live. These birds hunt in the dense tropical rainforests of Central and South America.
Philippine Eagle – Another monster-sized species is the Philippine Eagle. This species is the largest in terms of body length at over 3 ft. long. The IUCN lists it as Critically Endangered. Their primary threat is habitat destruction, as humans cut down forests in the Philippines for lumber, agriculture, and urbanization.
Golden Eagle – Golden Eagles aren’t really gold at all, but dark brown with a golden color around their necks. These birds are quite common and well known throughout much of the world. In various cultures, people respect and even fear them for their great size.
no longer endangered, or even threatened.
About 20 to 30 years in the wild and even longer in captivity
They inhabit a number of different ecosystems, including a variety of dry forests, rainforests, mountain forests, meadows, prairies, deserts, and more. Some species even hunt in agricultural areas and farms.
Eagles, like all birds of prey, are carnivores. They eat only meat, and do not eat any type of plant matter. They eat a wide variety of small animals, including rats, mice, rabbits, squirrels, snakes, fish, lizards, birds, and more.
Their height is 28 to 38 inches and their wingspan is 5.5 to 8 feet.
Weigh 10 to 15 pounds